Anatomy,  Health

Plica Fimbriata – Sore, Causes, Treatment, Cancer, Removal, Inflamed, Pictures, HPV, Function

Key Facts

  • Plica Fimbriata is a normal anatomical structure found under the human tongue
  • They are small, fringe-like folds of mucous membrane that run parallel to the lingual frenulum
  • Plica Fimbriata is not usually noticeable and doesn’t serve any significant purpose
  • In rare cases, Plica Fimbriata can get irritated or caught between the teeth
  • Basic oral hygiene practices are usually sufficient to maintain the health of the Plica Fimbriata
  • It is one of several structures that can be found under the tongue

What Is the Plica Fimbriata and Where Is It Located?

The Plica Fimbriata are small, mucosal folds that are situated on the underside of the tongue. There are typically two Plica Fimbriata, one on each side of the lingual frenulum. The lingual frenulum is the small fold of tissue that connects the bottom of the tongue to the floor of the mouth. The Plica Fimbriata runs parallel to the frenulum, and sometimes it has small, fringe-like extensions.
Though Plica Fimbriata doesn’t serve any significant purpose in oral function, it is considered a normal anatomical structure. In most individuals, the Plica Fimbriata is not noticeable and does not cause any problems or symptoms. However, in some cases, these folds may become temporarily irritated or get caught between the teeth, which can cause a bit of discomfort.

What Are the Structures Under the Tongue?

The under-surface of the tongue and the floor of the mouth contain several structures, each serving different functions.
These structures include:

  • Lingual Frenulum: This is a fold of mucous membrane that connects the underside of the tongue to the floor of the mouth. It helps in the movement and flexibility of the tongue.
  • Sublingual Caruncle: These are small papillae found on either side of the lingual frenulum. The ducts of the submandibular and sublingual salivary glands open at these caruncles, allowing saliva to enter the mouth.
  • Sublingual Fold: This is a V-shaped structure that extends laterally from the sublingual caruncle. The sublingual salivary glands are located in this fold.
  • Salivary Glands: The floor of the mouth houses the sublingual and submandibular salivary glands. These glands produce saliva, which helps in digestion and maintaining oral health.
  • Blood Vessels and Nerves: Several blood vessels and nerves supply the tongue and floor of the mouth. These include the lingual artery and veins, and the lingual nerve.
  • Plica Fimbriata: As previously discussed, these are small, fringe-like folds that run parallel to the lingual frenulum.

Each of these structures plays a role in the functions of the mouth and tongue, including speech, taste, and the digestion of food. Maintaining good oral hygiene and regular dental check-ups will help keep these structures healthy. If you ever notice any abnormalities or experience pain or discomfort in the area under the tongue, it’s advisable to consult a dental professional.

Plica Fimbriata and Your Salivary System

The Plica Fimbriata is located close to the salivary glands, particularly the sublingual glands, which are responsible for producing saliva. While Plica Fimbriata itself doesn’t play a direct role in saliva production, its proximity to the salivary glands means that it could be affected by changes or problems in the salivary system. Saliva plays an essential role in maintaining oral health, aiding in digestion, and protecting the mouth from infections. It is important to recognize that though they are situated close to each other, the Plica Fimbriata and the salivary system serve different functions.

What Causes Plica Fimbriata?

Plica Fimbriata is a natural anatomical structure, so there’s no cause behind its presence – it’s just a part of the human anatomy. However, sometimes it can become more prominent or get irritated.
The irritation can be caused by a number of factors including:

  • Poor Oral Hygiene: Not maintaining proper oral hygiene can lead to bacterial buildup which might irritate the Plica Fimbriata.
  • Accidental Bites: Occasionally, people might accidentally bite this area, causing it to swell or become more noticeable.
  • Spicy Foods or Allergens: Eating very spicy food or something you are allergic to might cause a reaction.

How to Get Rid of Plica Fimbriata

It’s important to understand that Plica Fimbriata is a normal part of the mouth’s anatomy, and in most cases, doesn’t need to be removed or altered.
If you are experiencing irritation or discomfort associated with Plica Fimbriata, consider the following steps:

  • Maintain Oral Hygiene: Brush your teeth twice a day and use a mouthwash to keep your mouth clean.
  • Avoid Irritants: If you notice that certain foods irritate the area, try to avoid them.
  • Consult a Dentist: If the irritation is persistent, it’s important to consult a dentist to rule out any underlying issues or infections.

Bottom Line

Plica Fimbriata is a natural part of the oral anatomy and generally doesn’t cause any problems. If you experience irritation, it’s likely due to external factors such as food irritants or poor oral hygiene. In the majority of cases, there is no need to get rid of Plica Fimbriata. Maintaining good oral hygiene and avoiding irritants is often all that’s needed. However, if you have persistent issues, consulting a dentist is advisable to ensure there isn’t an underlying problem that needs to be addressed.

This article is complete and was published on July 15, 2023, and last updated on August 26, 2023.

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